We don’t know why, but when it comes to pruning there is no middle ground: some never touch their plants and others who instead cut as if there was no tomorrow.
We want to help you find your way around when to prune two of the most typical and present plants in our gardens.
Here are our tips on when to prune and how!
You will need:
- pruning shears (left-handed models also exist)
- pruners and loppers
- healing paste
- rooting fertilizer
Which plants need to be pruned and when?
The best answer is that you don’t have to prune all the plants, not even at the same time of year.
For example, hydrangeas bloom on the buds that formed the previous year. If we prune them in winter we go to eliminate these buds and during the year we will not have flowers. The best time to do this is just after flowering when we cut the flowers that have wilted.
When to prune roses
Roses should be pruned in the spring to rejuvenate the plant and stimulate its growth. Eliminate all dead or diseased branches and those with a brown interior: this means that the cold of winter has frozen them.
Always cut just above a bud that grows towards the outside of the plant, about 5 or 6 mm apart. In this way we will allow the nourishment to reach the bud normally, promoting its growth.
It is also important to remember to eliminate all those twigs that appear at the base of the plant. Our rose is likely grafted and letting those branches grow will not only take away nourishment from others but may even kill the grafted part.
When to prune geraniums
Geraniums should be pruned between late winter and early spring. We will strengthen the plant and we will eliminate all the large and non-productive branches that disfigure them.
Geranium pruning is very drastic, in fact, it leaves the plant almost at ground level, but it is really necessary. We must remember that each branch we will cut will allow new ones to appear, and that’s our interest, isn’t it?
Eliminate any sick or weak branches and all those that do not reflect the shape we want to give them. Geraniums are most beautiful when seen compact and full of flowers.
Do not forget that from all the branches that we have cut we can get cuttings of new plants. Cut the base, apply fertilizer or rooting hormones and plant it in a pot with new soil.
During the flowering season, eliminate any flowers that start to wilt. This will allow the plant to continue producing new flowers, rather than wasting valuable nutrients on seed production. Cut the twigs into its lowest part, where it joins the main stem, to activate the latent shoots, which will begin to grow and create new buds.
- Do not forget that a cut is a small wound that we do to the plant. To avoid it being a center of possible infections, we recommend using cicatrizing paste when the cut has a diameter greater than 5 mm. Cover the area with this special resin and spread it with your finger up to the sides of the stem. The paste contains fungicide, which will avoid any type of infection. To be kept on hand not only for pruning but also in cases of accidental breakage of our plants, grafts or damage caused by frost or hail.
- Remember to practice a minimum of maintenance on our cutting tools.
- One of the most important is to disinfect them with alcohol if we have worked on a plant that we think is sick, to avoid transmitting the disease to the others.
- A quality cutting tool will accompany us for many years. It will be sufficient to clean it well after use and lubricate it. We suggest you choose known brands so that you can find replacement parts in case of need and save on the purchase of a new tool.
- Finally, don’t forget to fertilize your plants. They resisted the cold days of winter and we stressed them with pruning, they now deserve to receive the help that will allow them to grow and give us beautiful flowers, don’t you think?