Here is a series of practical facts about how to grow vegetables in pots that we normally buy from the greengrocer.
Sowing is one of the very first activities that man has done on this planet. It is not necessary to own a piece of land to collect a fresh vegetable to eat. Even in an apartment, we can sow. By using a simple vase, you can get the satisfaction of picking, with your own hands, the fruit that will feed our body.
1 – Dwarf watermelon:
When the temperature starts to rise around 20 °, you can sow this small but tasty watermelon. We start by planting 3 or 4 seeds in the specific pot, and after the germination of the first seedling, only the strongest will be selected.
For each plant, you need a large pot of about 40 liters and with a depth of 60 cm which must be placed in a very sunny place. You will also need a sturdy and about 120 cm high support to support the weight of the watermelon. The harvest usually takes place within 80-90 days of sowing. Watermelon prefers loose soils rich in organic matter, with a pH between 6 and 7.
It is a fruit that requires a lot of water, therefore on hot days, it is better to wet it even twice a day.
2 – Dwarf yellow tomato:
This variety of tomatoes called “Tumbling Tom Yellow” is very suitable for growing in pots, both on the ground and in a hanging basket: in fact, the fruits cascade for almost 50 cm. The bush is compact. The plant is less vigorous than the red one but very prolific. These tomatoes are only deliciously sweet and juicy.
Put the seeds on the surface of well-drained and moist soil and cover with a sprinkling of compost. Let the seeds germinate inside a small container (8-14 days), trying to maintain a constant temperature of about 15-20 degrees.
When the seedlings start to have at least two leaves, put them in a pot. The sowing period is between April and May outdoors.
3 – Round courgette
This type of courgette is very decorative and above all suitable for being able to grow it in pots.
Sowing takes place from April until early May. Sprout the seeds in a seedbed and transfer them to a pot with soil when they have reached at least 8 cm in height.
The pot must be at least 35 cm wide and 20 cm deep. The holes on the bottom of the pots are important to avoid water stagnation.
Zucchini love a soil well exposed to the sun: also place them in a well-ventilated area. Do not grow more than one seedling per pot and in 40/60 days it will begin to produce the first fruits, continuing for at least two months.
4 – Round carrot from Paris
They are very normal carrots whose root (the part we eat), does not develop in length but in width, taking the shape of a top. Precisely for this reason, it is particularly suitable for pot cultivation: in fact, the longer the carrot, the more we need a deep pot so that it can grow well. With the round carrot, this problem is solved!
We recommend sowing it at a depth of 1 cm from February to August and at a distance of 4-5 cm from each other. The harvest takes place between June and February with ripening in about 95 days from sowing.
5 – Lettuce salad
The lettuce likes sun exposure but can very well adapt even in the shadows, where the light takes only a few hours. It will be ready to be harvested when the leaves have suitable dimensions and will be of intense green color. It is important, at the time of harvest, to cut 2-3 cm from the collar, so that it can grow back several times.
The vase must be at least 30 cm in diameter and 25 cm deep. He loves deep, humus-rich soil. Once the soil has been prepared, place the seeds on the ground in rows a little distant from each other and cover them with a light layer of potting soil. Don’t water too much. The best time for sowing is between mid-April and early May and the cultivation period is around six weeks.
6 – Micro yellow sweet pepper
Peppers, like tomatoes, love sun exposure. Various types are suitable for pot cultivation, such as the Yellow mini bell Pepper. They are peppers that reach a diameter of about 5 cm. Peppers should be sown in the growing moon phase.
The best pot should be terracotta because it keeps humidity more constant. Capacity is also important, approximately 30x30x30 cm. The pepper loves soft and well-drained, slightly acid soils. River sand can be added to make the pot better ventilated. Peppers also need abundant watering. After about 75 days from transplanting, the fruits can be harvested.